24. In recent years, umbrella concepts such as disability-inclusive policies (A/71/314) and community-based inclusive development have been used to frame a broad range of disability-related policies and measures, of which rehabilitation in the sense of article 26 of the Convention is only one of its many elements. For example, community-based rehabilitation evolved from a strategy that focused on increasing access to rehabilitation services in the community for persons with disabilities in resource-constrained settings to a multisectoral strategy within general community development to achieve equity and social inclusion. While community-based rehabilitation is much broader than rehabilitation within the meaning of the Convention, the strategy continues to be identified with rehabilitation services. Community-based inclusive development builds on community-based rehabilitation, adopting the latter’s principles as the key tool for its implementation.¹² Further research and methodological frameworks from the perspective of the rights of persons with disabilities are required to better evaluate the outcomes of community-based rehabilitation and community-based inclusive development.¹³
¹² See www.cbm.org/Community-Based-Inclusive-Development-250825.php.
¹³ See, inter alia, Valentina Iemmi and others, Community-based Rehabilitation for People with Disabilities in Low- and Middle-income Countries: A Systematic Review, Campbell Systematic Reviews, 2015:15 (Oslo, Campbell Collaboration, 2015); Marie Grandisson, Michèle Hébert and Rachel Thibeault, “A systematic review on how to conduct evaluations in community-based rehabilitation”, Disability and Rehabilitation, vol. 36, No. 4 (2014), pp. 265–275; and Sally Hartley and others, “Community-based rehabilitation: opportunity and challenge”, Lancet, vol. 374, No. 9,704 (28 November 2009), pp. 1,803–1,804.