¹ See www.ohchr.org/EN/Issues/Disability/SRDisabilities/Pages/SocialProtection.aspx.
² See Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, general comment No. 19 (2008), para. 2.
³ See report of the Special Rapporteur on extreme poverty and human rights (A/69/297), para. 21.
⁴ The Global Social Crisis: Report on the World Social Situation 2011 (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.10.IV.12).
⁵ International Labour Office, The strategy of the International Labour Organization Social Security for All: Building Social Protection Floors and Comprehensive Social Security Systems (Geneva, 2012).
⁶ Outcome document of the high-level meeting of the General Assembly on the realization of the Millennium Development Goals and other internationally agreed development goals for persons with disabilities: the way forward, a disability-inclusive development agenda towards 2015 and beyond (resolution 68/3), para. 4 (f).
⁷ “Transforming our world: the 2030 agenda for global action”, final draft of the outcome document of the United Nations summit for the adoption of the post-2015 development agenda, available from https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/post2015/.
⁸ Addis Ababa Action Agenda of the Third International Conference on Financing for Development (General Assembly resolution 69/313, annex).
⁹ Ibid., para. 12.
¹⁰ At the international level, the right to social security is recognized in the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (art. 9), the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (art. 5 (e) (iv)), the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (art. 11, para. 1 (e)), the Convention on the Rights of the Child (art. 26), and the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families (art. 27). Regional instruments include the European Social Charter (Revised) (art. 12), the Additional Protocol to the American Convention on Human Rights in the Area of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (art. 9), and the Inter-American Convention on Protecting the Human Rights of Older Persons (art. 17)
¹¹ Theresia Degener and Gerard Quinn, “A Survey of international, comparative and regional disability law reform” in Disability Rights Law and Policy: International and National Perspectives, Mary Lou Breslin and Silvia Lee, eds. (Transnational Publishers, 2002).
¹² N. Groce and others, Poverty and Disability — a Critical Review of the Literature in Low and Middle-income Countries (L. Cheshire Disability and Inclusive Development Centre, 2011); A. Elwan, “Poverty and disability: a survey of the literature” (World Bank, 1999); Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, Social Panorama of Latin America 2012 (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.13.II.G.6).
¹³ S. Mitra, A. Posarac and B. Vick, Disability and Poverty in Developing Countries: a Snapshot from the World Health Survey (World Bank, 2011); Eurostat, “Disability statistics: poverty and income inequalities”, available from http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php/Disability_statistics_-_poverty_and_income_inequalities.
¹⁴ S. Mitra, A. Posarac and B. Vick.
¹⁵ OECD, “Sickness, disability and work: keeping on track in the economic downturn” (2009).
¹⁶ World Health Organization (WHO) and World Bank, World Report on Disability (2011).
¹⁷ S. Buckup, “The price of exclusion: the economic consequences of excluding people with disabilities from the world of work”, Employment Working Paper No. 43 (International Labour Office, Geneva, 2009).
¹⁸ B. Vick, K. Jones and S. Mitra, “Poverty and psychiatric diagnosis in the U.S.: evidence from the Medical Expenditure Panel survey”, in Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics, vol. 15 (2) (2012).
¹⁹ OECD, Sickness, Disability and Work: Breaking the Barriers — a Synthesis of Findings across OECD Countries (2010).
20 S. Buckup.
²¹ OECD, “Sickness, disability and work: keeping on track in the economic downturn” (2009).
²² WHO and World Bank.
²³ ILO, World Social Protection Report 2014/15, Building Economic Recovery, Inclusive Development and Social Justice; UNICEF, The State of the World’s Children 2013, Children with Disabilities; D. Mont, “Social protection and disability”, in Poverty and Disability, T. Barron and J. M. Ncube, eds. (Leonard Cheshire Disability, London, 2010).
²⁴ See www.giz.de/expertise/html/16762.html.
²⁵ WHO and World Bank.
²⁶ D. Stapleton, A. Protik and C. Stone, Review of International Evidence on the Cost of Disability, Research Report No. 542 (London, Department of Work and Pensions, 2008); A. Zaidi and T. Burchardt, “Comparing incomes when needs differ: equivalization for the extra costs of disability in the U.K.”, in Review of Income and Wealth, No. 51 (1) (2005).
²⁷ Extra Costs Commission, “Driving down the extra costs disabled people face: interim report” (2015).
²⁸ S. Mitra, A. Posarac and B. Vick, see note 13.
²⁹ J. Cullinan, B. Gannon and S. Lyons, Estimating the Extra Cost of Living for People with Disabilities, in Health Economics, vol. 20 (5) (2011); P. Saunders, “The cost of disability and the incidence of poverty”, Discussion Paper No. 147, Social Policy Research Centre, University of New South Wales, 2006; Prashant Loyalka and others, “The costs of disability in China”, in Demography, 51 (1) (2014).
³⁰ M. Morciano, R. Hancock and S. Pudney, “Disability costs and equivalence scales in the older population”, ISER Working Paper Series, No. 2012-09 (University of Essex, Institute for Social and Economic Research, April 2012).
³¹ M. Palmer and others, “The Economic Lives of People with Disabilities in Vietnam” (2015), available from http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0133623
³² WHO and World Bank, see note 16.
³³ The Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights has established that support to persons with disabilities should be provided in a dignified manner and reflect the specific disability-related needs and expenses. See general comment No. 19, para. 20.
³⁴ Eurostat, “Disability statistics: poverty and income inequalities”, available from ec.europa. eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php/Disability_statistics_-_poverty_and_income_ inequalities.
³⁵ UNICEF, see note 23.
³⁶ Council for Disabled Children, “Disabled children and child poverty”, briefing paper for the Every Disabled Child Matters campaign, 2007.
³⁷ UNICEF; WHO and UNICEF, Early Childhood Development and Disability: A Discussion Paper (WHO, 2012).
³⁸ ILO, World Social Protection Report, p. 53.
³⁹ WHO and World Bank, see note 16.
⁴⁰ M. Sepúlvedaand C. Nyst, The Human Rights Approach to Social Protection (Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland, 2012).
⁴¹ A contribution to the present report illustrated an interesting measure to assist deaf persons though remote sign language interpreters via video connection when a deaf person visits a health centre.
⁴² Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, general comment No. 19, para.68.
⁴³ M. Sepúlvedaand C. Nyst.
⁴⁴ The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities establishes general obligations relating to legislative harmonization in article 4, paragraph1(a) and (b).
⁴⁵ M. Sepúlvedaand C. Nyst.
⁴⁶ E/CN.5/2012/6, para. 12.
⁴⁷ Disability in-kind transfers or subsidies include,for instance,free public transportation, free access to public services, free or subsidized food, and free or subsidized assistive devices.
⁴⁸ D. Mont, “Social protection and Disability” in T. Barron and J. M. Ncube (eds.), Poverty and Disability(Leonard Cheshire Disability, London, 2010).
⁴⁹ ILO, World Social Protection Report.
⁵⁰ A/HRC/22/25, para. 61.
⁵² M. Palmer, Social Protection and Disability: A Call for Action, Oxford Development Studies, 2013.
⁵³ S. Mitra, “Disability and social safety nets in developing countries”, Social Protection Discussion Paper Series (World Bank, 2005).
⁵⁴ CRPD/C/CRI/CO/1, para. 57; CRPD/C/HRV/CO/1, para. 44.
⁵⁵ Committee on Economic,Social and Cultural Rights, general comment No. 19, para. 22.
⁵⁶ Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, general comment No. 3, para.10.
⁵⁷ CRPD/C/CZE/CO/1, para.53; CRPD/C/PRY/CO/1, para.67; CRPD/C/NZL/CO/1, para.60; CRPD/C/MNG/CO/1, para. 43.
⁵⁸ CRPD/C/HRV/CO/1, para. 44; CRPD/C/KOR/CO/1, para. 54; CRPD/C/CHN/CO/1, para. 80.
⁵⁹ Conditional cash transfers are considered by some experts as non-compliant with the human rights-based approach. See M. Sepulveda and C. Nyst.
⁶⁰ Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, art. 5 (3).
⁶¹ CRPD/C/ESP/CO/1, para.44.
⁶² Daniel Mont, see note 48.
⁶³ Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, general comment No. 2, para. 42.
⁶⁴ CRPD/C/SLV/CO/1, para. 58; CRPD/C/MEX/CO/1, para. 53; CRPD/C/CHN/CO/1, para. 43.
⁶⁵ Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, arts. 3 (c); 4, para. 3; 29; and 33, para. 3.
⁶⁶ Committee on Economic,Social and Cultural Rights, general comment No. 19, para. 59.
⁶⁷ M. Sepulveda and C. Nyst, see note 40.
⁶⁸ CRPD/C/MEX/CO/1, para. 18; CRPD/C/PER/CO/1, para.18; and Committee on the Rights of the Child, CRC/C/MEX/CO/4-5, para. 45.
⁶⁹ Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, general comment No. 19, para. 42.
⁷⁰ Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, art. 32.
⁷¹ Committee on Economic,Social and Cultural Rights, general comment No. 19, para. 55.