A. Law reform trends on legal capacity and supported decision-making
38. Since the adoption of the Convention, several States16 have started or completed legal reforms in relation to the right to legal capacity of persons with disabilities as part of their obligations under the Convention, or in order to harmonize their legislation prior to ratification or accession. While most of these laws and bills are not in full compliance with article 12 of the Convention, they show that a growing number of States acknowledge that their legal systems, and particularly their substitute decision-making regimes, fail to guarantee the rights of persons with disabilities.
16 The Special Rapporteur identified law reform processes, which do not include mental health legislation, in at least 32 countries: Argentina, Australia (New South Wales, Northern Territory and Victoria), Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada (Alberta), Colombia, Costa Rica, Czechia, Denmark, Germany, Georgia, Hungary, Ireland, Israel, India, Kenya, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Marshall Islands, Netherlands, Peru, Portugal, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Spain (Catalonia), Switzerland, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Northern Ireland), United States of America (Texas) and Zambia.