The recognition and protection of gender diversity against discrimination and violence is a fundamental and human right. Against this background, the German Institute for Human Rights is currently preparing an expertise on the topic of "Gender Diversity in Law" for the Federal Ministry of Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth. The focus is on the recent amendment of the German Civil Status Act, according to which children that can be assigned to "(...) neither the female nor the male sex (...)" shall be registered at birth without the designation of sex (§ 22 para. 3 Civil Status Act, in force since November 2013). The research combines a legal analysis of German law and of the legal situation in select countries, with an evaluation of the implementation of the German law in practice. The overall report with the recommendation of different regulatory models will be completed at the end 2016.