Concluding Observations (see question: “What are Concluding Observations?”) to the State Reports and General Comments (see question: “What are General Comments?”) explain how states are supposed to realise their obligations. Taken together, they provide a guideline for the implementation of particular human rights.
General Comments propose suitable measures for the implementation of a human right and provide information on the core elements of particular human rights and overarching human rights principles.
Human right core elements evaluate qualitatively the fulfillment of a human right. When it comes to the rights enshrined in the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights these elements are usually: availability, accessibility (geographically and physically), affordability, and quality.
Furthermore, states have to follow human rights principles while implementing their human rights obligations. These priviples are recurrent for all human rights:
Deutsche Geschellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) (2013): Promising Practices - On a human rights-based approach in German development cooperation. GIZ, 26 p.
Deutsche Geschellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) (2011): National Human Rights Institutions. GIZ, 10 p.