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Glossary

United Nations

Abbreviation: UN.
The United Nations was founded on 24 October 24 1945 pursuant to the coming into force of the Charter of the United Nations. Since the time of its creation, this international, intergovernmental organization has grown from 50 to 193 Member states (as of March 2012). Membership in the United Nations is not a precondition for ratifying UN human rights conventions. The main tasks of the United Nations include the securing of world peace, the monitoring of compliance with public international law, the protection and fostering of human rights, and the advancement of international cooperation.