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Glossary

human trafficking

(Sections 232, 233, 233a of the German Criminal Code (StGB))
Human trafficking is regulated in Germany in three sections of the Criminal Code (StGB):

  • human trafficking for the purposes of sexual exploitation (section 232 StGB),
  • human trafficking for the purposes of labour exploitation (section 233 StGB),
  • assisting in human trafficking (section 233a StGB).

The first two of these provisions are the most significant ones in legal practice. The victim must be in a dilemmatic situation or in a vulnerable state that is connected to the fact that such person is living in a foreign country. This is referred to as a "foreign-country-connected-vulnerability". In the case of persons under 21 years of age, this is not required according to the wording of the law.
To constitute human trafficking for the purposes of sexual exploitation, the person concerned must be induced, through the exploitation of this situation, to work for example as a prostitute.
To constitute human trafficking for the purposes of labour exploitation, the concerned person must be induced, through the exploitation of such situation, to work at a job pursuant to which the working conditions are "strikingly incongruous" with those of other employees doing a similar job.